Rapid dynamics prediction of tool point for bi-rotary head five-axis machine tool


Receptance Coupling Substructure Analysis (RCSA), an effective approach to rapidly predict the tool point frequency response function (FRF), generally requires the response of spindle-machine assembly by experiments. This method is feasible for three-axis machine tool because the spindle and its posture are normally unchangeable. But in terms of five-axis milling, the spindle-machine assembly changes continuously. The purpose of this study is to propose new techniques to solve the constantly-changing assembly response in order that RCSA can be used for bi-rotary head five-axis machine tools. Based on receptance matrix determination in coupling direction and single degree of freedom coupling simplification, the swivel model for holder tip receptances is established for swivel motion. According to the concept of oriented frequency response function, the rotational model is derived to calculate the holder tip receptances with rotary motion. By combining the swivel model and the rotational model, the holder tip receptance of arbitrary posture can be calculated by three orthogonal postures. A five-axis machine tool with bi-rotary head is used to conduct FRF tests on different postures. Experimental results show that the models proposed can accurately predict tool point frequency response of any posture and large difference in FRFs among those postures of bi-rotary head is detected.

Link to ScienceDirect for full-text:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2016.12.003


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